Women's Empowerment Through Sanitation in Rural India

Access to a clean-living condition and sanitation facility is everyone's fundamental right to live. Many people in parts of India, still practice open defecation, wherein,  women suffer the most due to lack of proper sanitation facilities.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, an initiative taken by the Government to improve the sanitation facilities is being practiced in several parts of country. However, many women are still deprived of basic facilities. One of the primary pillars of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is to promote the social inclusion of women by improving sanitation, especially in marginalised communities.

However, access to proper sanitation facilities is not enough to empower women; several challenges lie ahead to help women.


Let us look at the challenges and solution:

While many public and individual toilets are built for women, many women still refrain from using them mainly because of a lack of access to water for post-defecation.

There is plenty of evidence that empowering women to make sanitation-relation decisions can enhance their performance in the household and towards the community. One of the best examples of this is the Jalswarajya, a project by Government of Maharashtra to scale-up sector reform initiatives.

The project ensures a minimum of 50% representation for women in the village committees to take decisions relating to water supply and sanitation. This project was a massive hit in terms of empowering women. The Government officials suggest that women participation benefitted the project itself through their household knowledge, empathy towards women, and experience to ensure sustainability of sanitation and water supply.

Women participation must be increased in household and community decisions for finding sanitation solutions related to issues such as:


  • Using the right technology for toilet construction
  • Choosing a suitable location for building community toilets so that women feel safe
  • Equipping the toilets with proper and safe menstrual hygiene management


While the Global Organisations, NGOs, and Government agencies have been working to empower women through various sanitation initiatives, the corporates in India are not too behind. One of the leading organisations contributing to the cause and making a difference to the lives of millions of women in India is Nest-In by Tata Steel, the top modular construction service.

Backed by the legacy of the Tata Group, Nest-In by Tata Steel, launched EzyNest during the Swachh Bharat Mission.

EzyNest, an end-to-end modular sanitation solution contributes towards a healthy living for individuals and communities. The solution aims at countering the sanitation problems in communities where people do not have access to hygienic public toilets. The construction generates minimal waste, as they are equipped with the best waste management facilities, and large parts of the unit are recyclable.

This easy and quick modular construction is a turnkey sanitation solution for all. Choose your EzyNest now for a cleaner and healthier India.

Posted in EzyNest on Jan 24, 2022.

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